Chevrolet Sonic manuals

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual: Cruise Control Description and Operation

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual / Accessories / Cruise Control / Cruise Control Description and Operation

Cruise control is a speed control system that maintains a desired vehicle speed under normal driving conditions at speeds above 40 km/h (25 mph). Steep grades may cause variations in the selected vehicle speeds.

The following are the main components of the Cruise Control System:

The body control module (BCM) monitors the signal circuit of the cruise control switches, which are located on the steering wheel. The BCM relays the cruise control switch status to the engine control module (ECM) via the serial data circuit. The ECM uses the status of the cruise control switch to determine when to capture and maintain the vehicle speed. The ECM monitors the vehicle speed signal circuit in order to determine the desired vehicle speed.

Voltage is supplied to the cruise control switch via the steering wheel control switch reference voltage circuit supplied by the BCM. The cruise control function switches are arranged in a resistive ladder design, with each cruise control function switch having a different resistance value. The BCM detects a specific voltage value that is associated with the cruise control function switch being activated. The BCM sends a serial data message to the ECM indicating that the on/off switch is active. Similarly, when the normally open + RES switch or the normally open − SET switch are pressed, the switch closes and the BCM detects the predetermined voltage signal on the cruise control resume/accel and set/coast switch signal circuit. The BCM sends a serial data message to the ECM indicating that the + RES switch or the − SET switch is active.

Cruise Control Engaged

The Cruise Control System will engage and adjust vehicle speeds, based on the activation of the following cruise control switches, which are located on the steering wheel:

  • On/Off
  • + RES
  • − SET

To engage the Cruise Control System, ensure that the vehicle speed is above 40.2 km/h (25 mph), turn the cruise On/Off switch ON and momentarily press the − SET switch. The ECM will engage the Cruise Control System and record the vehicle speed. The ECM sends a serial data message to the instrument panel cluster (IPC) in order to illuminate the Cruise Engaged indicator in the IPC. Refer to the vehicle owner’s manual for the location and operation of the cruise control On/Off indicators and driver information center (DIC) messages.

Pressing the accelerator pedal while the Cruise Control System is engaged, allows the driver to override the Cruise Control System in order to accelerate the vehicle beyond the current set vehicle speed. When the accelerator pedal is released, the vehicle will decelerate and resume the current set vehicle speed.

The driver can also override the current set vehicle speed via the − SET switch and the + RES switch. When the Cruise Control System is engaged, pressing and holding the − SET switch will allow the vehicle to decelerate from the current set vehicle speed without deactivating the Cruise Control System. When the − SET switch is released, the ECM will record the vehicle speed and maintain the vehicle speed as the new set vehicle speed. When the Cruise Control System is engaged, momentarily pressing the − SET switch will allow the vehicle to decelerate at a vehicle specific calibratable increment, commonly 1.6 km/h (1 mph), each time that the − SET is momentarily pressed, with a minimum vehicle speed of 38 km/h (24 mph). Refer to the vehicle Owner’s Manual for more information.

Pressing and holding the + RES switch, when the Cruise Control System is engaged, will allow the vehicle to accelerate to a greater vehicle speed than the current set vehicle speed. When the + RES switch is released, the ECM will record the vehicle speed and maintain the vehicle speed as the new set vehicle speed. When the Cruise Control System is engaged, momentarily pressing the + RES switch will allow the vehicle to accelerate at a vehicle specific calibratable increment, commonly 1.6 km/h (1 mph), each time that the + RES switch is momentarily pressed. Momentarily activating the + RES switch will recall the previous vehicle speed, after the cruise control system has been disengaged by pressing the brake pedal, or CANCEL switch. Refer to the vehicle Owner’s Manual for more information.

Cruise Control Disengaged

The engine control module (ECM) disengages the cruise control operation based on the signals from the following switches:

  • The brake pedal position (BPP) sensor
  • The On/Off switch
  • The cruise control cancel switch

The Cruise Control System will disengage when the brake pedal is applied. The body control module (BCM) monitors the BPP sensor via the BPP sensor signal circuit as the voltage signal increases while the pedal is further applied. The ECM monitors the BPP signal through a discrete input and a serial data message signal from the BCM indicating the brake status. When either signal indicates the brake pedal is applied, the ECM will disengage the cruise control system.

The Cruise Control System will also disengage when the cruise control on/off switch is switched OFF, or the cruise control cancel switch is activated. The body control module (BCM) determines when the cruise control cancel switch is activated. When the normally open cancel switch is closed, the BCM detects the predetermined voltage signal on the cruise control function switch circuit. The vehicle speed stored in the memory of the engine control module will be erased when the cruise control On/Off switch is turned OFF, or the ignition switch is turned OFF. The BCM sends a serial data message to the ECM in order to disengage the cruise control system. When the Cruise Control System has been disengaged, the ECM sends a serial message to the instrument panel cluster (IPC) in order to turn OFF the Cruise Engaged indicator.

Every time the Cruise Control System is disengaged, the ECM will keep track of the reason for system disengagement. The last 8 disengagement reasons will be recorded within the ECM memory. The scan tool will display the last 8 Cruise Disengage History parameters, in which one out of approximately 50 possible reasons will be displayed in each of these 8 parameters. For the disengagement reason to be displayed within the scan tool parameter the Cruise Control System is active and disengagement is requested.

When engagement of the system is requested but an engagement inhibit is present, the most recent inhibit reason is recorded in the ECM history. The scan tool will display the most recent inhibit reason, in which one out of approximately 50 possible reasons will be displayed.

Cruise Control Inhibited

The engine control module (ECM) inhibits the cruise control operation when any of the following conditions exist:

  • The ECM has not detected a brake pedal activation from the body control module (BCM) this ignition cycle.
  • A Cruise Control System DTC has been set.
  • The vehicle speed is less than 38.6 km/h (24 mph).
  • The vehicle speed is too high.
  • The vehicle is in PARK, REVERSE, NEUTRAL, or 1st gear.
  • The engine RPM is low.
  • The engine RPM is high.
  • The system voltage is not between 9 volts and 16 volts.
  • The Antilock Brake System (ABS)/Traction Control System (TCS) is active for more than a calibratable time (typically 0.3 to 0.7 seconds).
Cruise Control Inhibit Reasons

This is a general list of inhibit reasons. Not every inhibit reason is applicable to all vehicles. Refer to the scan tool inhibit reason list for the last 8 reasons that have been recorded during the current ignition cycle.

Scan Tool Name

Description

Long Description

ACC BRAKE INOP

Adaptive Cruise Control Automatic Braking Failed

Adaptive Cruise Control Automatic Braking Inoperative

ACC DATA

Serial data fault for Adaptive Cruise Control  Throttle Control and Brake Control signals sent by Adaptive Cruise Control module

Adaptive Cruise Control Module serial data fault is active or communication has been lost between ACC module and ECM.

ACC INHIBIT

Adaptive Cruise Control Inhibited

Adaptive Cruise Control Inhibited

ACC OPTION

Adaptive Cruise Control option mismatch

Cruise control type (adaptive cruise or conventional cruise) mismatched between ECM and BCM.

ACCEL RATE

High acceleration

Vehicle acceleration rate is too high.

Accel Time

Rate Limiting Fault

Cruise torque request rate limiting active too long

APP OVERRIDE

Pedal greater than cruise (override)

Driver has overridden cruise control set speed with accelerator pedal for greater than an allowable time.

Auto Brk Data

Automatic Braking Engine Torque Request Signal Communication Malfunction

ECM to EBCM serial data fault is active or communication has been lost between ECM and EBCM.

AXLE RANGE

Rear Axle Low

Rear axle in low range

BPP DATA

DTC P0703 active or maximum time elapsed without receiving valid Brake Pedal Position signal.

Serial data fault is active or communication has been lost with module sending brake pedal apply state

BPP DTC

Brake Pedal Position signal invalid

Brake Pedal Apply Circuit fault has been detected.

BPP Not Learned

Brake Apply Sensor Home Position Not Learned

Brake Pedal Position Sensor Released Position Not Learned. 

BRAKE

Brake pedal apply

Brake Pedal was applied.

Brk Ped Press

Brake Pedal Driver Applied Pressure Detected

A Brake Pedal Apply has been detected based on brake pedal pressure as measured by the EBCM.

Calc Eng Torque

Calculated Torque

Engine torque calculation is incorrect.

CANCEL

Cancel switch active

Cancel Switch was depressed.

CLUTCH

Clutch switch active

Clutch Pedal was applied.

COAST DISENGAGE

Coast disengage

Cruise control is in coast mode with the Set/Coast switch depressed and is requesting no throttle

COAST SPEED LOW

Coast below low speed inhibit

Set / Coast switch was depressed. Vehicle slowed below minimum cruise operating speed.

Cruise Brk Inop

Brake System Malfunction

EBCM has detected a failure that does not allow automatic braking to be performed.

CRUISE S/W

Sequence of completion checks

Cruise control software execution error has occurred.

CRUISE SW DATA

Serial data fault (Cruise switch serial communication fault)

Cruise switch serial data fault is active or communication has been lost with module sending cruise switch states

CRUISE SW. OFF

On/Off switch in Off state

Cruise On/Off switch turned Off

DECEL RATE

High deceleration

Vehicle deceleration rate is too high.

DLC OVERRIDE

ALDL

Scan Tool plugged into ALDL connector

DTC SET

Malfunction in PCM/ECM (DTC active)

DTC is active or in history that inhibits cruise control operation.

D WHL SPD HI

Driven Whl Spd Greater (wheel slip detection)

Driven wheel speed greater than Non Driven wheel speed (slip detection)

D WHL SPD LOW

Un-driven Whl speed Greater

Non Driven wheel speed greater than driven wheel speed

ECM INHIBIT

PCM/ECM inhibit (RAM corruption)

ECM internal communication error

ECM RESET

ECM Running Reset

ECM Running Reset occurred

ECT OVERTEMP

Engine metal overtemp active

Engine over temperature. Overheated.

ENG RUN TIME

Engine run time not elapsed

Engine has not been running long enough, typically five seconds.

ENGINE SPEED

Engine speed too low or too high

Engine RPM too low (near stall) or too high (near engine RPM fuel shutoff).

FIRST GEAR

1st Gear

Transmission is engaged in 1st gear

HIGH SPEED

Vehicle speed exceeds high speed threshold

Vehicle speed has exceeded maximum cruise operating speed

HIGH VOLTAGE

Voltage above high voltage threshold

Ignition Voltage High at ECM (typically 18 volts)

ILLEGAL MODE

Illegal cruise mode

Cruise control mode is incorrect based on switch states.

LOST FWD GEAR

Transmission in neutral. Reverse or park

Gear selector not in forward gear

LOW SPEED

Vehicle speed drops below low speed threshold

Vehicle speed dropped below the cruise control minimum operating speed. May be due to hilly terrain and low vehicle speed. Manual transmission gear selection and engine torque may contribute to this disengagement reason. 

LOW VOLTAGE

Voltage below low voltage threshold

Ignition Voltage Low at ECM (typically 9 volts)

MEMORY DTC

Memory Failure

Control module memory failure detected.

MPH LIMIT

MPH Limited Fuel (Vehicle overspeed fuel cut-off active)

Vehicle overspeed protection active with fuel cut off active

M/T Gear Changed

Manual transmission out of gear with no clutch pedal apply

Manual transmission shifted to Neutral without clutch pedal being applied.

NONE

None

This disengagement reason may be displayed after a dead battery repair or module replacement.

OVER SET SPEED

Over schedule

Vehicle speed has exceeded driver selected set speed by more than an allowable amount. This may occur while driving down a significant grade or driver overriding cruise while performing a passing maneuver.

PARK BRAKE

Park Brake Switch signal Active

Parking Brake Applied

PEDAL INITIALIZE

Brake before cruise

The brake pedal has not been seen as applied prior to driver request to engage cruise with set switch.  A brake pedal apply must be seen before allowing cruise engagement during each key cycle. On a vehicle equipped with a manual transmission, a clutch pedal apply may satisfy the brake pedal apply criteria.

PTO ACTIVE

Power Take Off Active

Power Take Off is active.

Ram DTC

Processor Integrity Fault (Ram corruption)

ECM software error has occurred

RPM LIMIT

Injectors Disabled (Engine overspeed fuel cut-off active)

Engine RPM limiter active with fuel cut off active.

S/C ON SPEED HI

Over schedule tap-down

Set/Coast switch selected, vehicle speed is above set speed and does not decrease. May be due to traveling down hill

SIMUL S/C-R/A

SET and RESUME switches simultaneously active

Set/Coast and Resume Accelerate switches pressed simultaneously

SL/W Sys On

Speed Limiter / Warning On/Off switch turned on

Driver has turned on the Speed Limiter/Warning on/off switch. Cruise is disabled / inhibited and cruise on/off switch will be set to OFF.

SW. INVALID

Analog cruise switch input out of range

Cruise switch voltage signal in invalid range

TAC INHIBIT

ETC prevents cruise operation

Electronic Throttle Control has detected a failure in the throttle control hardware

TCS

Traction control active

Traction Control was Active

TRANS DTC

Trans Gear Fault

Transmission DTC is active or in history that inhibits cruise control operation

UNDER SET SPEED

Under schedule

Vehicle speed is below  cruise control set speed by more than an allowable amount

VSES

Vehicle stability active

Vehicle Stability Control was active

4WD Low

4WD Low

Transfer case in low range

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