Chevrolet Sonic manuals

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual: Strut and Shock Absorber Inspection

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual / Chassis / Suspension / Strut and Shock Absorber Inspection

Note:

The strut assembly DOES NOT have to be removed from the vehicle to perform the following inspection procedure.

Note:

A light film of oil on the top portion of the strut is normal. DO NOT replace the strut for this condition.

Condition 1

Condition 1

Oil or fluid residue only on the bottom of the strut tube or on other strut components and not originating from the shaft seal, is not a strut related problem. DO NOT replace the strut, look for other external leaks.

Condition 2

Light film/residue on the strut tube, but not on the spring seat and originating from the shaft seal, is a NORMAL condition. DO NOT replace the strut.

Condition 3

Oil drip or trail down the strut tube and originating from the shaft seal, is an ABNORMAL condition. Replace the strut.

Condition 4

Extreme wet film of oil covering the strut tube and pooling in the spring seat and originating from the shaft seal, is an ABNORMAL condition. Replace the strut.

Inspection

  1. Verify the customer's concern is present. If the concern is present, continue to the next step. If the concern is not present, then the vehicle is operating normally.
  2. Note:

    The strut assembly DOES NOT have to be removed from the vehicle to perform the following inspection procedure.

  3. Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle.
  4. Visually inspect each of the shock absorbers or struts for external fluid leaks. Refer to the following conditions 1, 2 , 3 , and 4 for visual inspection.
  • If equipped with electronic suspension control system, ensure that the system is working properly. Refer to Diagnostic Starting Point-Electronic Suspension Control.
  • Use your hands in order to lift up and push down on each corner of the vehicle 3 times. Remove your hands from the vehicle. If the corner motion exceeds 2 cycles, replace the strut. If the strut does not exceed 2 cycles, NO repair is necessary.
  • Shock Absorber Replacement
    Shock Absorber Replacement Callout Component Name Preliminary Procedure Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking ...

    Strut and Shock Absorber Inspection (Shock Absorber)
    Note: The shock absorber assembly DOES NOT have to be removed from the vehicle to perform the following inspection procedure. Note: A light film of oil on the top portion of the lower sho ...

    Other materials:

    Park Brake Hardware Inspection
    Warning: Refer to Brake Dust Warning. Visually inspect the park brake lever (1) and the lever pivot pin (2) for the following conditions: The lever being bent or broken at any point – particularly at the cable attachment A seized or binding condition ...

    Oil Pan Cleaning and Inspection
    Warning: Wear safety glasses when using compressed air in order to prevent eye injury. Caution: To ensure proper engine lubrication, clean clogged or contaminated oil galleries in an approved solvent and with compressed air. Failure to clean oil galleries may cause ...

    Steering Linkage Outer Tie Rod Replacement
    Steering Linkage Outer Tie Rod Replacement Callout Component Name Preliminary Procedures Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle. Remove the front tire and wheel assembly. Refer to Tire and ...

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