Chevrolet Sonic manuals

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual: Park - Engine Running (Gen 1)

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual / Powertrain / Engine / General / Park - Engine Running (Gen 1)

When the gear selector lever is in the Park (P) position, fluid is drawn into the pump through the transmission fluid filter assembly. Line pressure is then directed to the following valves:

Fluid Pressure Directed in Preparation for a Shift

Manual Valve

Mechanically controlled by the gear selector lever, the manual valve is in the Park (P) position and prevents line pressure from the pressure regulator valve from entering the reverse and drive fluid circuits.

Actuator Feed Limit Valve

Line pressure is regulated through the valve into the actuator feed limit circuit. Actuator feed limit fluid passes through orifice #10 to a differential area to move the valve against actuator feed limit valve spring pressure. Actuator feed limit fluid is routed to the pressure control solenoids, the shift solenoid, and to the #5 and #6 ball check valves.

Compensator Feed Regulator Valve

Line pressure is regulated through the valve into the compensator feed fluid circuit. Compensator feed fluid pressure is routed through orifice #30 to the 3-5-reverse clutch regulator valve, and also fills the 3-5-reverse clutch and 4-5-6 clutch piston dam areas.

3-5-Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve

35 reverse clutch feed/compensator feed fluid is routed through the valve into the 35 reverse clutch fluid circuit. 35 reverse clutch fluid passes through orifice #6 to assist spring pressure in keeping the valve open. 35 reverse clutch fluid is routed to the 3-5-reverse clutch, and through orifice #33 to the #6 ball check valve.

3-5-Reverse Clutch Assembly

35 reverse clutch fluid fills the 3-5-reverse clutch piston apply cavity in preparation for a shift to Reverse range. However, in Park range, 35 reverse clutch pressure is limited to compensator feed pressure of 9 PSI and is not strong enough to apply the clutch.

TCC Regulated Apply Valve

Shift solenoid fluid is routed to the TCC regulated apply valve and moves the valve against TCC regulated apply valve spring force.

Low and Reverse Clutch Applies

R1/456 Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid 3

The R1/456 PC solenoid is energized (ON) allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the PCS R1/456 clutch fluid circuit. PCS R1/456 clutch fluid is then routed through orifice #11 to the R1/4-5-6 clutch regulator valve.

R1/4-5-6 Clutch Regulator Valve

PCS R1/456 clutch fluid at the R1/4-5-6 clutch regulator valve, opposes R1/4-5-6 clutch regulator spring force and R1/456 clutch feed fluid pressure to regulate line pressure into the R1/456 clutch feed circuit. R1/456 clutch feed fluid is routed to the clutch select valve and through orifice #34 to the #5 ball check valve.

Shift Solenoid

The shift solenoid is energized (ON) allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the shift solenoid circuit. Shift solenoid fluid is routed to the clutch select valve through orifice #13, and to the TCC regulated apply valve through orifice #14.

Clutch Select Valve

Shift solenoid fluid is routed to the clutch select valve and moves the valve against clutch select valve spring force. This allows R1/456 clutch feed fluid to pass through the valve and enter the R1 circuit. R1 fluid is then routed through orifice #38 to the low and reverse clutch assembly in preparation for a shift into low or reverse gear.

Low and Reverse Clutch

R1/456 fluid enters the transmission case assembly and moves the low and reverse clutch piston against spring force to apply the low and reverse clutch plates. In Park range, the low and reverse has no effect. However, when Reverse or a forward range is selected, only one apply device has to be energized, which helps create a smooth starting motion.

#5 Ball Check Valve

R1/456 clutch feed fluid unseats the #5 ball check valve, allowing excess pressure to pass into the actuator feed limit circuit. This helps to control clutch apply fluid pressure and clutch apply feel.

Park?EEngine Running

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Neutral - Engine Running (Gen 2)
When the gear selector is moved to the Neutral (N) position, the hydraulic and electrical system operation is identical to Park (P) range. However, if Neutral is selected after the vehicle was ope ...

Park - Engine Running (Gen 2)
When the gear selector lever is in the Park (P) position, fluid is drawn into the pump through the transmission fluid filter assembly. Line pressure is then directed to the following valves: ...

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