Chevrolet Sonic manuals

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual: Wiper/Washer System Description and Operation

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual / Body / Wipers, Washers / Wiper/Washer System Description and Operation

Wiper/Washer System Components

The wiper/washer system consists of the following electrical components:

  • Windshield Wiper Relay
  • Windshield Wiper Speed Control Relay
  • Windshield Washer Pump Relay
  • Windshield Washer Pump
  • Windshield Wiper Motor
  • Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch
  • Windshield Wiper Motor Fuse
  • Windshield Washer Pump Fuse
  • Body Control Module (BCM)
  • Rear Wiper Motor
  • Rear Wiper Motor Fuse
  • Rear Wiper Relay
  • Rear Washer Pump Relay
  • Rear Washer Pump Fuse
Windshield Wiper System

The body control module (BCM) determines the front wipe/wash system mode of operation by monitoring several signals from the Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch as indicated in the wiper switch.

The Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch receives a reference ground signal from the BCM. Each input of the BCM provides a switched battery pull-up for each front wiper/washer switch output signal it receives. All the BCM inputs are recognized as active when the wiper switch provides a path to the referenced ground signal. The first signal received by the BCM is the result of 6 resistors in the front wiper switch configured as a resistor ladder network. This signal is connected to a BCM analog to digital input. Depending on the function selected (High, Low, Intermittent 1 thru 5, Mist, Off), the Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch connects a different set of resistors into the circuit resulting in different voltages appearing on the BCM A/D input. By monitoring this voltage, the BCM determines how to control the wiper motor On/Off Relay. It should be noted that High, Low, and Mist all have the same value on this signal circuit. The second signal received from the front wiper switch is active only when the front wiper switch is in the high speed wiper position. When the wiper switch is not in the high speed position, the switch is open and the signal circuit is pulled to battery by the BCM. When the wiper switch is in the high speed position, the switch pulls the circuit low. The BCM determines how to control the Wiper high/low speed relay from this input. The third signal received from the front wiper switch is from the momentary windshield wash control switch. When the washer switch is not active the switch is open and the signal circuit is pulled to battery by the BCM. When the washer switch is active, the switch pulls the circuit low. The BCM controls the windshield wash and windshield wash activated wiper operation based on this input.

The BCM controls Windshield Wiper Motor operation through two output signals and the monitoring of one input signal. The two outputs (one high side drive, one low side drive) are used to control two external wiper motor relays: Windshield Wiper Motor on/off relay: which provides the wiper motor with battery power when it is activated by the high side drive signal (switched battery) from the BCM. When left deactivated, the normally closed contacts provide a ground to the wiper motor. Wiper high/low speed relay: when activated by a low side drive signal (ground) from the BCM, it switches the power supplied by the wiper motors on/off relay to the motors high speed input. When left deactivated, the normally closed contacts connect the power supplied by the wiper motors on/off relay to the motors low speed input. The input used by the BCM is from the park switch located in the wiper motor assembly. When the wiper blades are not in the park position, the wiper park switch is open and the circuit is pulled up to battery by the BCM. When the wiper blades are in the park position at the bottom of the glass, the wiper park switch closes to ground pulling the park signal circuit low.

To initiate low speed operation, the BCM only energizes the front Windshield Wiper Motor on/off relay. This allows battery voltage from the wiper fuse to be applied through the switched contacts of the wiper motor on/off relay, through the normally closed contacts of the wiper high/low speed relay, to the low speed control circuit of the windshield wiper motor.

Redundant high speed switch pass through. The BCM provides redundant circuitry which places battery power on its wiper motor on/off relay output with activation of its low assertion high speed wiper switch input. The BCM shall be capable of doing this, even if the module has lost all microprocessor control. This redundant circuit shall supply power while in the RUN and CRANK power modes. however; while in the CRANK power mode, the pass through shall only be active if the BCM is NOT in a computer operating properly state.

To initiate high speed operation, the BCM energizes both the Windshield Wiper Motor on/off relay and the wiper high/low speed relay . This allows battery voltage from the wiper fuse to be applied through the switched contacts of the wiper motor on/off relay, through the switched contacts of the wiper high/low speed relay, to the high speed control circuit of the windshield wiper motor.

Parking the wiper motor. In order to perform an accurate read of the park switch and to ensure the wipers will come to rest while still in the park position, parking of the wipers only occurs while in a low speed wiper mode. This requires that if the wipers are performing a high speed wiper operation at the time they are required to park, the BCM shall transition the Wipers to low speed by deactivating the wiper high/low relay before attempting to park. In order to park the wipers, the BCM monitors the park circuit until the park switch pulls the park circuit to ground. At this time, the BCM will immediately deactivate the wiper motor on/off relay. The relay contacts will switch back to their normally closed position and will apply ground to the wiper motor power inputs through the normally closed contacts of the wiper high/low relay. This deactivates and dynamically brakes the wiper motor in the park position. When the wiper switch is turned to the OFF position while the wiper motor is somewhere in mid-cycle, the BCM will continue to operate the motor until the wipers reach the park position. If the BCM is running the wiper motor and does not see a state transition of the park switch after 8 s, the wipers will stop immediately when the wiper switch is turned to OFF. If the ignition is turned OFF while the wipers are in mid-cycle, the wipers will stop immediately, regardless of position. The BCM will park the wipers next time the ignition is turned ON.

The windshield wiper system MIST operation is identical to LOW speed operation, except that the MIST switch is a press and release type switch. When the wiper switch is moved to the MIST position and released, low speed wiper motor operation is started and will continue until 1 cycle is complete. If the wiper switch is moved to the MIST position and held, the wiper motor will operate in the LOW speed mode until the switch is released.

Windshield wiper intermittent operation is a low speed wiper motor function with a variable delay interval between the wiper motor cycles. The duration of the delay is controlled by the front wiper control switches intermittent 1 through intermittent 5 settings. The wiper operation is as follows

  1. The BCM will initiate a single wipe by activating its windshield wiper ON/OFF relay output.
  2. At the completion of a single wipe, the BCM will park the wipers as described above.
  3. The BCM will then pause the wipers in their park position for the time duration associated with intermittent delay switch setting.
  4. When the delay time expires repeat Steps 1 and 3 until the system is turned off or taken out of intermittent mode. If the wiper switch is moved from a longer delay interval to a shorter delay interval, the BCM will command an immediate wipe cycle and reset the delay timer to the shorter delay interval.

Intermittent wiper operation may be vehicle speed sensitive. When enabled, the speed compensated intermittent feature causes the intermittent wiper delay intervals to become shorter as a function of increased speed. As vehicle speed is reduced the intervals will become closer to the predetermined

Windshield Washer System

The BCM controls the windshield wash operation and windshield wash activated wiper operation. When the BCM detects the activation of the momentary windshield wash control switch, it activates its washer pump relay drive output which supplies battery power to the coil of the washer pump relay. This energizes the relay, which switches battery power to the pump motor. The BCM will also activate continuous low speed windshield wipes as described above. Upon deactivation of the windshield wash control switch, the body control module (BCM) shall deactivate the wash motor and will also park the wiper motor as described above unless the drip wipe feature is enabled. On some vehicles the drip wipe feature will be enabled and cause the system to provide additional wiping of the windshield after the switch has been released and fluid is no longer being applied. The windshield washer switch feature may attempt to detect a stuck switch. When enabled, activation of the wash feature shall be limited to 10 seconds.

On vehicles with the Rear Wash feature a single reversing wash motor may be utilized for both the front and rear wash operation. In this system the wash motor is operated in one direction to spray fluid on the front windshield and then operated in the reverse direction to spray fluid on the rear window. The BCM Controls the reversing wash motor through two High Side Drive outputs. One controls the Windshield Wiper Motor Relay and one controls the Rear Wiper Relay.

Rear Wiper System

On vehicles equipped with a Rear Wiper, the BCM determines of the Rear Wipe/Wash System Mode of Operation by monitoring the multiplexed output of the Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch. The Rear Wiper Relay uses a reference ground signal from the BCM. The BCM provides a switched Battery pull-up for the Rear Wiper Relay switch output signal it receives. All the BCM inputs are recognized as active when the Rear Wiper Relay switch provides a path to the referenced ground signal. The Rear Wiper/Washer signal received by the BCM is the result of 3 resistors in the Windshield Wiper/Washer Switch configured as a resistor ladder network. This signal is connected to a BCM Analog to Digital Input which also provides a switched Battery pull-up for the circuit. Depending on the function selected (Low, Intermittent, Off, Wash), the Rear Wiper Control Switch connects a different set of resistors into the circuit resulting in different voltages appearing on the BCM A/D input. By monitoring this voltage, the BCM determines how to control the Rear Wiper Relay and the Rear Washer Relay.

The BCM Controls the single speed Rear Wiper Motor by its Active High output to the external Rear Wiper Relay. When the BCM activates its output and applies Battery to the coil of the relay, the relay energizes, allowing Battery voltage from the fuse to be applied through the switched contacts of the Rear Wiper Relay to the Rear Wiper Motors control input. The motor then operates continuously at low speed. The BCM does not control the parking of the Rear Wiper Motor, it is self parking. When the BCM deactivates its output, the contacts of the Rear Wiper Relay switch back to ground which will be used by the wiper for Dynamic Braking. The Rear Wipers internal park switch and circuitry will sustain motor operation until the wiper arm has returned to its Park position.

Rear Wash

When the Body Control Module detects that the Rear wiper/washer switch has activated the momentary Wash switch, it activates a High Side Drive output which supplies Battery to the coil of the Rear Washer Pump Relay. This energizes the Relay, which switches Battery Power to the Washer Pump Motor. The BCM will also activate continuous Low Speed Windshield Wipers as described above. The BCM software will attempt to detect a stuck Rear Wash Switch. A stuck Rear Wash Switch condition is detected if the Rear Wash Motor Relay Output has been continuously active for 10 seconds or more. Upon detecting this the BCM will fail soft the state of the Rear Wash Control to Inactive. This shall cause the System to perform as if the momentary Wash control had been released.

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