Chevrolet Sonic manuals

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual: Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Cleaning and Inspection

Chevrolet Sonic Repair Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Engine Block / Cylinder Block / Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Cleaning and Inspection

Special Tools

EN-470-B Angular Torque Wrench

For equivalent regional tools, refer to Special Tools.

Visual Inspection And Cleaning Procedure
Connecting Rod

    Warning:

    Wear safety glasses when using compressed air in order to prevent eye injury.

  1. Clean the connecting rods in solvent and dry with compressed air.
  2. Inspect the connecting rod for the following:
  • Signs of being twisted, bent, nicked or cracked
  • Scratches or abrasion on the connecting rod bearing seating surfaces
Piston


    Clean the piston with a cleaning solvent. DO NOT wire brush any parts
  1. Clean the piston with a cleaning solvent. DO NOT wire brush any parts of the piston.
  2. Clean the piston ring grooves.
  3. Inspect the piston on the following:
  • Cracked ring lands, skirts or pin bosses
  • Ring grooves for nicks
  • Eroded areas on the top of the piston (1)
  • Scuffed or damaged skirts (2)
  • Worn piston pin bores (3)
  • If there is any excessive wear, replace the piston.
  • Measure the clearance between piston pin and piston bore.
  • Piston And Connecting Rod Measurement Procedure
    Piston Ring Clearance


      Install the piston rings to the cylinder as shown (1) and measure the__
    1. Install the piston rings to the cylinder as shown (1) and measure the piston ring end gap. Compare the measurements with those provided below:
    • The upper compression ring end gap should be 0.4?E.6 mm (0.0157?E.0236 in).
    • The lower compression ring end gap should be 0.4?E.6 mm (0.0157?E.0236 in).
    • The oil ring end gap should be 0.2?E.9 mm (0.0079?E.0354 in).
  • If the clearance is greater than the provided specifications, the piston rings must be replaced.

  • Measure the piston ring side clearance as shown (1). Compare the measurements with those provided below:
    • The upper compression ring side clearance should be 0.025?E.07 mm (0.001?E.0028 in).
    • The lower compression ring side clearance should be 0.025?E.07 mm (0.001?E.0028 in).
    • The oil ring side clearance should be 0.04?E.12 mm (0.0016?E.0047 in).
  • If the clearance is greater than the provided specifications, replace the piston rings.
  • If the clearance is still to great, replace the pistons.
  • Connecting Rod Bearing Clearance (With Micrometer Gauge Internal Measuring Device)

    1. Install the connecting bearings and the connecting rod bearing caps.
    2. Tighten the connecting rod bearing cap bolts in the following sequence:
      1. Caution:

        Refer to Fastener Caution

        Note:

        The old bolts can be reused for the measuring procedure.

      2. Tighten the connecting rod bearing cap bolts to  10 Y (89 lb in)

        .

      3. Tighten the bolts to an additional 60 degrees using EN-470-B wrench.
      4. Tighten the bolts to an additional 15 degrees using EN-470-B wrench.


    3. Measure the connecting rod bearing diameters at 3 points as shown (1). Use a internal measuring device.
    4. Calculate the average connecting rod inner diameter.

      Formula: 1. result + 2. result + 3. result / 3


    5. Measure the connecting rod journal diameter at 2 points between (1) and (3) and between (2) and (4). Use a micrometer gauge.
    6. Calculate the average connecting rod journal diameter.

      Formula: 1. result + 2. result / 2.

    7. Substract the average connecting rod journal diameter from the average connecting rod bearing diameter in order to determine the connecting rod bearing clearance.

      The clearance should be 0.013?E.061 mm (0.0005?E.0024 in)

      .

    Piston and Connecting Rod Disassemble
    Remove the piston with connection rod. Refer to Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Removal. Note: Note installation position of the piston in respect of the connection rod. ...

    Piston, Connecting Rod, and Bearing Installation
    Special Tools EN-470-B Angular Torque Wrench For equivalent regional tools, refer to Special Tools. Adjust the piston ring joints as follows: Upper compression ring (1). ...

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